Actuaries compile and analyse data to calculate insurance premiums, annuity
rates, dividends and risks.
Administration fees incurred during the mortgage process can be added to the amount being borrowed, in which case they are known as ‘Added to Loan’.
The adjustment date is the date from which interest accrues on your mortgage. It also refers to variable rate mortgages, where it is the date on which the interest rate changes.
Anyone who has a poor record when it comes to meeting their credit commitments, including late payments, CCJs or bankruptcy, has adverse credit.
Amortisation is simply the reduction in the amount you owe on your mortgage over time as your repayments are processed.
This is a calculation which allows the applicant to compare the cost of borrowing across different lenders. APRs take into account the amount of interest and any other fees charged by the provider. The lower the APR, the better.
The person applying for a mortgage.
The process of applying for a mortgage, and supplying personal and financial details to the mortgage broker.
A surveyor’s estimate of a property’s value.
The increase in a property’s value over time.
When you have fallen behind your repayment schedule you are said to be in arrears, usually expressed in pounds or months.
An economically valuable resource controlled by a person, including any form of property owned, shares, cash and land.
The situation whereby an asset, or mortgage, is transferred from one owner to another.
A document showing the assets and liabilities of a company.
The interest rate set by the Bank of England.
This is your base salary, without taking tax or additional sources of income, like a bonus, into account.
This is a person entitled to gain, usually financially, from a trust or will.
Available to flexible mortgage holders only, this allows you to borrow back any overpayments you have made if, for whatever reason, you need additional cash flow.
This is a stop-gap loan to finance a project until permanent financing can be obtained. Rates tend to be high and they are only recommended in the short term.
A broker facilitates the transaction between borrower and lender.
Buildings insurance covers loss or damage to the physical structure of your home (for example, the roof, walls and floors). Contents insurance, often sold alongside buildings insurance, covers loss of or damage to the possessions inside (furniture and so on).
This is designed for people who buy a property with the sole intention of renting it out for profit.
The interest on most flexible mortgages is calculated daily to take into account the reduction in the overall size of the mortgage as payments or overpayments go through. Over time this can save a substantial amount.
A cap is an upper limit on interest rates, usually for a specified period. For example, if your mortgage is capped at 4% for 2 years, you will not pay more for that time period even if interest rates rise to 5%.
A collar is a lower limit on interest rates, usually for a specified period. For example, if your mortgage has a 4% collar, you will not pay less than that, even if rates fall to 3.5%. A cap and collar mortgage is a combination of the two.
In mortgage terms, this is the money, or deposit people put into buying a property (also known as equity).
The interdependent events whereby a buyer is waiting on the completion of the sale of their existing property in order to complete on the purchase of a new property.
Legal term for the unequivocal ownership of a property.
An asset, such as a car or an expensive television, which a lender may seize if the borrower fails to repay the loan under the terms of the original contract.
These are for individuals or companies buying commercial property, such as an office building, retail centre, apartment complex or warehouse.